About FSAE

Formula SAE is a student design competition organized by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE, also known as SAE International). The competition was started back in 1978 and was originally called SAE Mini Indy. It was later renamed as Formula SAE in 1981.

Formula SAE, aims at giving universities the opportunity to participate in a regulated event that is interesting and appealing to students.

The concept behind Formula SAE is that a fictional manufacturing company has contracted a student design team to develop a small Formula-style race car. The prototype race car is to be evaluated for its potential as a production item. The target marketing group for the race car is the non-professional weekend autocross racer. Each student team designs, builds and tests a prototype based on a series of rules, whose purpose is both ensuring on-track safety (the cars are driven by the students themselves) and promoting clever problem solving.

The prototype race car is judged in a number of different events which are mainly classified as :

1. Static Events

Technical Inspection:-

The objective of technical inspection is to determine if the vehicle meets the FSAE Rules requirements and restrictions and if, considered as a whole, it satisfies the intent of the Rules

Technical inspection is a non-scored activity.Each vehicle must pass all parts of technical inspection and testing, and bear the inspection stickers, before it is permitted to participate in any dynamic event or to run on the practice track.

Teams are responsible for confirming that their vehicle, and the required equipment, satisfies the requirements and restrictions of the FSAE Rules before presenting it for Technical Inspection.Presenting a vehicle for Technical Inspection constitutes a declaration by the team that they have determined by self-inspection that the vehicle complies with the Rules.


The objective of the presentation event is to evaluate the team’s ability to develop and deliver a comprehensive business case that will convince the executives of a corporation that the team’s design best meets the demands of the amateur, weekend competition market, including Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) Solo, and that it can be profitably manufactured and marketed.


Cost Analysis:-

In the Cost Event the team has to make a cost report which also includes a bill of materials and components used in the car. This report is then scrutinized by the judges and a discussion at the Competition with the Cost Judges around the team’s vehicle is held. This evaluates not only the cost of the car, but also the team’s ability to prepare accurate engineering and manufacturing cost estimates. And finally a “real case” scenario is held where students will have to respond to a challenge related to cost or manufacturing of the student vehicle.

Engineering Design:-

The concept of the Design Event is to evaluate the engineering effort that went into the design of the car and how the engineering meets the intent of the market.

The car that illustrates the best use of engineering to meet the design goals and the best understanding of the design by the team members will win the design event.


0 Points

75 Points

Cost Analysis
100 Points
150 Points

2. Dynamic Events

Skid Pad:-

The objective of the Skid Pad event is to measure the car’s cornering ability on a flat surface while making a constant-radius turn.

There will be two (2) pairs of concentric circles in a figure of eight pattern. The centers of these circles will be 18.25 m (59.88 feet) apart. The inner circles will be 15.25 m (50.03 feet) in diameter, and the outer circles will be 21.25 m (69.72 feet) in diameter. The driving path will be the 3.0 m (9.84 feet) path between the inner and outer circles. The cars will enter and exit through gates on a 3.0 m wide path that is tangential to the circles where they meet.

Acceleration Event:-

The Acceleration Event evaluates the car’s acceleration in a straight line on flat pavement over a distance of 75m from the start line to the finish line.

Course Layout – The acceleration course length will be 75 m (82 yards) from starting line to finish line. The course will be at least 4.9 m (16 ft.) wide as measured between the inner edges of the bases of the course edge cones. Cones are placed along the course edges at intervals of about 5 paces (roughly 20 feet). Cone locations are not marked on the pavement.


The objective of the Autocross Event is to evaluate the car’s maneuverability and handling qualities on a tight course without the hindrance of competing cars. The autocross course will combine the performance features of acceleration, braking, and cornering into one event.

Endurance Event:-

The Endurance Event is designed to evaluate the overall performance of the car and to test the car’s durability and reliability. This event is carried out on a track approximately 22Km long in a single heat, with a driver change halfway through the event.

Fuel Economy:-

The car’s efficiency will be measured in conjunction with the Endurance Event. The efficiency under competition conditions is important in most vehicle competitions and also shows how well the car has been tuned for the competition. This is a compromise event because the efficiency score and endurance score will be calculated from the same heat. No refueling will be allowed during an endurance heat.

CO2 conversion factor The mass of CO2 released to the atmosphere will be assessed by using the conversion factors below from quantity of fuel used to CO2 released. The factors are intended to represent the average supply of the appropriate commodity and the organizers will not take account of where the actual fuel used came from.
Unleaded petrol / gasoline – 2.31 kg of CO2 per litre
Electric – 0.65 kg of CO2 per kWh
E85 – 1.65 kg of CO2 per litre



50 Points

75 Points

150 Points

300 Points

Fuel Economy
100 Points

In addition to the Static and Dynamic events, various sponsors of the competition provide awards for superior design accomplishments. For example, best use of E-85 ethanol fuel, innovative use of electronics, recyclability, crash worthiness, analytic approach to design, and overall dynamic performance are some of the awards available.

At the beginning of the competition, the vehicle is checked for rule compliance during the Technical Inspection. It’s braking ability, rollover stability and noise levels are checked before the vehicle is allowed to compete in the dynamic events.

Formula SAE encompasses all aspects of a business including research, design, manufacturing, testing, developing, marketing, management, fund-raising and team work. Formula SAE takes students out of the class room and puts them in the real world.

Today, the competition has expanded worldwide, draws competitors from several countries and includes ten official events, three of which are run in the USA, four in Europe (UK, Germany, Austria and Italy) one in Brazil, one in Japan and one in Australia, and several unofficial events worldwide (Russia, Spain, China, India and Hungary).

These events use the same rulebook, with some minor revisions included for Formula Student UK and Germany.

Due to the active collaboration with companies from various businesses (e.g. the automotive industry), the Formula Student competition holds great opportunities for participants to connect with potential employers. By the sponsoring companies this competition is considered as an ideal recruiting platform for young talents.

  • In 2008, the team took the FM08 to Italy, where they received the Farthest Travelled Team award.
  • 2009 saw the FM09 go to the U.K. where the team stood 10th in the cost report.
  • In 2010, the FMX team came 4th in the cost event at FS Austria and was the lightest Indian FSAE car at the competition. They were also given the award of ‘Most Motivated Team’.
  • The FMXI team, which went to Italy in 2011, stood 16th in the cost event.
  • In 2013, the FMX3 set the tracks blazing at FS Germany and FS Czech Republic. With a personal best of 0-75m in 4.51 seconds, the FMX3 was the Fastest Indian FSAE car. The team stood 2nd in the cost event at FSG, making Formula Manipal the only Indian team to achieve a podium finish at the competition. It was also the only Indian team to complete Endurance with Electro-pneumatic gear shifting.

Apart from these awards, the cars have also been commended by big names from the world of automotives and racing, such as Claude Rouelle and Michael Royce.

Having so much to match up to, the team is looking forward to an exciting season, hoping to carry on the legacy of Formula Manipal. They are full of energy and enthusiasm; they embody the philosophy of our tagline- ‘ENGINEERED WITH PASSION’!